Phantom of the NightSleep Apnea--the Phantom of the Night | Table of Contents | Introduction | Quiz | About the Authors | Reviews | S A L E Sleep Apnea—the Phantom of the Night | Flyer + Discount Orderform

About the authors and contributors

T. Scott Johnson, M.D.

T. Scott Johnson, M.D., a pulmonologist and expert in sleep disorders, has been the Director of the Sleep Disorders Center, University of South Alabama--Knollwood Hospitals, and Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, Alabama. He has also been the Medical Director of the Sleep Laboratory at Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, and the Sleep Disorders Service at Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard University Medical School. He has been engaged in research to develop methods for identifying, diagnosing, and treating sleep apnea syndrome patients and has overseen the establishment of a sleep laboratory at a hospital in Hamburg, Germany. Dr. Johnson is currently a partner at JSB Partners, an investment advisory firm serving clients in the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries. He is a member of the Board of Directors of The Medicines Co.

William Alexander Broughton, M.D.

William Alexander Broughton, M.D., is Director of the Sleep Disorders Center, University of South Alabama--Knollwood Hospitals and Professor of Medicine, University of South Alabama College of Medicine, Mobile, Alabama. His specializations include internal medicine, pulmonary, and sleep medicine and he is a Diplomate of the American Boards of Internal Medicine and Sleep Medicine. He is a frequent peer-reviewer of articles submitted to professional journals.

Jerry Halberstadt

Jerome (Jerry) Halberstadt has had sleep apnea since the mid-1970s. His frustrations in obtaining appropriate treatment in both Israel and the United States led him to seek information to help him take a more active, effective role in his treatment and rehabilitation. As an anthropologist, he has studied Diné (Navajo) community curing rituals and has worked in planning educational, medical, mental health, and community development activities and services in the United States and in Israel. He has worked as a consultant to entrepreneurial companies in the health care sector, specifically to develop strategic business plans. He is a publisher and book developer as well as a consumer of health care services.

Carl Hunt, M.D.

The National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR) was established by legislation in 1993 to support sleep-related research and educational programs.
Dr. Hunt was appointed as Director of NCSDR in January 2001. Previously, he served on the faculties of the University of Minnesota and Northwestern University. He was Professor of Pediatrics at the Medical College of Ohio at Toledo in 1988-2001 and served as department Chair in 1988-1997. He was a Scholar-in-Residence at the Association of American Medical Colleges in 1996-1997. Dr. Hunt received his M.D. from Yale University and his A.B. from the University of Rochester, New York.

William Charles Dement, M.D., Ph.D.

William Charles Dement, M.D., Ph.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He has helped to found and lead the modern scientific study and treatment of sleep and wakefulness. In 1970, he founded the first Sleep Disorders Clinic, now the Stanford Sleep Disorders Clinic and Research Center and continues today as its Director. He was appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve as Chairman of the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research, reporting to Congress in 1992 with recommendations for a national sleep research program. He is recognized and esteemed by all researchers and clinicians in the field of sleep disorders. The committee that nominated Dr. Dement as the National Institutes of Health Career Scientist wrote that he " an outstanding scientist of great energy, enthusiasm, and productivity, and who, more than any other individual, is responsible for the creation of a modern, viable field of sleep research, especially as it relates to sleep-related pathologies."

Colin E. Sullivan, B.Sc.(Med.), M.B. B.S., Ph.D., F.R.A.C.P.

Colin E. Sullivan, B.Sc.(Med.), M.B. B.S., Ph.D., F.R.A.C.P., is the pioneer who invented and demonstrated nasal CPAP as an effective treatment for sleep apnea syndrome. The author of over 90 scientific publications, he has contributed significantly to the development of sleep disorders medicine and his achievements are recognized internationally. In addition to his broad clinical and research interests, he has proven himself a creative inventor of devices for treating sleep apnea and is involved in their commercial development. Clearly motivated by a true physician's concern, Dr. Sullivan has a creative, forceful personality and his leadership qualities are backed by persistence; he has helped to transform sleep disorders medicine and the lives of multitudes of patients. He is Professor of Medicine, University of Sydney, Australia; Head, Sleep Disorders Centre, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital; and Head, David Read Pediatric Sleep Laboratory, Children's Hospital.

B. Gail Demko, D.M.D.

B. Gail Demko, D.M.D., specializes in oral appliances for treatment of sleep apnea. Our discussion of oral appliances is based on her writings and expertise. Dr. Demko is credentialed by the Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine (ADSM) <> and she is the Chairperson of the Education Committee of the ADSM.

Gila Lindsley, Ph.D.

Gila Lindsley, Ph.D., is a psychologist with extensive clinical experience in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, and a Diplomate of the American Board of Sleep Medicine. Dr. Lindsley maintains a private practice, SleepWell, in Lexington, Massachusetts. She has contributed many ideas and insights based on her extensive clinical experience and her research interests in circadian and ultradian (shorter than a day) cycles.

Boyd Hayes

Boyd Hayes consulted on sleep laboratory technical issues. He made and interpreted the sleep recordings used for base illustrations using the EdenTrace II and/or the Nicolet UltraSom computer systems for recording, analysis, and display, with confirming scorings by humans as appropriate. He also helped to research, write, and edit the manuscript. He is the Technical Director at the Sleep Disorders Center, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, in Lebanon, New Hampshire. He has been Research Assistant at the Stanford Sleep Disorders Center and Sleep Technologist, Sleep Disorders Center, Dartmouth College, the Technical Director, Sleep Disorders Service, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, and a member of the ASDA Polysomnography Atlas Task Force.

Jim Roldan

Jim Roldan drew the sensitive illustrations opening each chapter. See The three states of being: awake, quiet sleep, and dream sleep, and See Out of touch, as well as the sleeping man in See The sleep apnea cycle. He trained in illustration at the Rhode Island School of Design and his studio is in E. Hampstead, New Hampshire.

S. Kirsten Gay

The medical and technical illustrations were drawn by S. Kirsten Gay, an artist and illustrator with interests in garden design and architecture, who works at Paradeisos Design, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Ms. Gay trained in landscape architecture at Cornell University.

Editorial consultants

The current edition has benefited from the meticulous and sensitive editing of Carol Snyder Halberstadt of Newton, Massachusetts, an academic and technical editor. She is an accomplished poet and artist. As an activist, she is cofounder and coordinator of Black Mesa Weavers for Life and Land, a nonprofit cooperative enterprise of the Diné (Navajo) of Black Mesa, Arizona. <>.

Marie Cantlon of Proseworks, Boston, Massachusetts, is the editor whose experience and sensitivity smoothed the completion of the first edition of this work.


David Margolin created the cover design for the current edition, the cover design and illustration for the first edition, and made helpful suggestions on the book design, typography, and illustrations, including the organization of See The sleep apnea cycle.


The text is set in Palatino with Optima heads, and the book was edited, indexed, and output using FrameMaker and IXGen software. The cover and title pages use Friz Quadrata.

This book was printed and bound by Sheridan Books, Inc., Chelsea, Michigan 48118. <>

Contributors on specific topics

Michael Berthon-Jones

Michael Berthon-Jones has kindly permitted the use of a Personal Communication related to the impact of mouth leak on treatment and of interventions to control mouth leak. Berthon-Jones is VP Clinical Research at ResMed, Inc.

K. Leon White, M.D.

K. Leon White, M.D., kindly permitted drawing on his report of the causes of sleepiness that continues even after treatment. He wrote that "...I took a close look at as many explanations for persistent sleepiness despite CPAP as I could find in the literature." Adapted with permission, from a post on <>.

The epigraph

The new translation from the Hebrew for the epigraph on page vi, Job 7:13-15, was made with the help of the translation and poetic skills of Elana A. Halberstadt and Carol Snyder Halberstadt.

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